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Ingrown Toenails: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

ingrown toenails toe pain professional foot care nurse

Ingrown toenails are a common and often painful condition that can affect anyone, but they are particularly prevalent among adults. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for ingrown toenails can help you manage and prevent this uncomfortable condition. In this blog post, we will explore what ingrown toenails are, what causes them, how to recognize their symptoms, and the various treatment options available.

Causes of Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when the edge or corner of a toenail grows into the surrounding skin instead of straight out. Several factors can contribute to the development of ingrown toenails:

Improper Nail Trimming

Cutting your toenails too short or rounding the edges instead of cutting them straight across can encourage ingrowth.

Ill-Fitting Shoes

Wearing shoes that are too tight or narrow can compress the toes, pushing the toenails into the skin. If this is happening, it’s time to replace your shoes.

Injury or Trauma

Stubbing your toe or dropping something heavy on it can cause the nail to grow abnormally.


Some people are more genetically predisposed to ingrown toenails.


Infections near the toenail can lead to swelling and tissue growth, making it more likely for the nail to become ingrown.

Symptoms of Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails can cause a range of symptoms, and their severity may vary depending on the stage of the condition. Common symptoms include:


Ingrown toenails often cause localized pain and tenderness, especially when pressure is applied.

Redness and Swelling

The affected area may become red, swollen, and warm to the touch.


If left untreated, ingrown toenails can become infected, leading to pus discharge, increased pain, and a foul odor.


Ingrown toenails may cause bleeding, especially when attempting to trim the nail or when wearing tight shoes.

Difficulty Walking

Severe cases of ingrown toenails can make it difficult to walk comfortably.

Treatment Options for Ingrown Toenails

Treatment for ingrown toenails can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Here are some common approaches:

At-Home Care

In mild cases, you can try soaking your foot in warm, soapy water several times a day, gently lifting the ingrown edge of the nail, and placing a small piece of cotton or dental floss under the nail to encourage it to grow above the skin.

Proper Nail Trimming

Trim your toenails straight across and avoid cutting them too short or rounding the edges.


Select shoes that provide enough room for your toes and avoid tight-fitting footwear.


ingrown toenails toe pain onyfix systemIf an infection is present, your healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotics.

Non-Invasive Treatment

We offer a non-invasive ingrown toenail treatment solution which is painless yet highly effective. Our in-house Professional Foot Care Nurse, Sharon Brophy, is a certified Onyfix® specialist.

Partial Nail Removal

In more severe cases, a chiropodist may need to remove part of the nail or the entire nail to allow the affected area to heal properly.


In recurrent or very severe cases, a surgical procedure to remove the ingrown nail and prevent regrowth may be recommended.

Preventing Ingrown Toenails

Prevention is key when it comes to ingrown toenails. Here are some tips to help reduce your risk:

Proper Nail Care

Trim your toenails straight across and avoid cutting them too short.


Choose shoes that provide adequate room for your toes and avoid tight-fitting shoes.

Protect Your Feet

If you’re prone to ingrown toenails, consider wearing protective footwear during activities that may put your toes at risk, such as sports.

Maintain Good Foot Hygiene

Keep your feet clean and dry to prevent infection.

Ingrown toenails can be painful and bothersome, but with proper care and attention, they can be managed and prevented. If you suspect you have an ingrown toenail or are experiencing symptoms of infection, it’s essential to seek prompt medical attention to prevent complications. Contact us to schedule an appointment. By following good foot hygiene practices and wearing appropriate footwear, you can reduce your risk of developing ingrown toenails and enjoy healthier, pain-free feet.