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Characteristics of Knee Osteoarthritis:
Knee Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that affects the joint cartilage, synovium, joint capsule and the first layer of bone beneath the cartilage. Degeneration can occur on the medial (inside) or lateral (outside) joint of the knee.
It is considered the “wear and tear” arthritic condition that often results from a previous injury, faulty mechanics, age. Often as a result of overuse/improper use or repetitive strain of a joint due to alignments and individual biomechanics.
As the cartilage “wears” away the joint space decreases followed by pain, swelling, reduced range of motion and instability. The most common aspect of the joint is the medial side, which often can be observed with “bowing” of the knee joint (pinched joint space on the inside, stretched joint space on the outside).